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What Is the Difference Between Computer Science & Information Technology?

What Is the Difference Between Computer Science & Information Technology?

Feeling confused about your career path in computer science or information technology? You're not alone. It's common for people to struggle with the difference between CS and IT engineering and often mistake one for the other. However, you cannot be stuck in such confusion when making a career decision. You need clarity. So, in this blog, we'll assist you in understanding the difference between CS and IT engineering, the required skills for each, how to pursue them, suitable career options, and the respective salaries so that you can choose your career wisely. 

The difference between CS and IT can be blurred. Sometimes, IT jobs need computer science knowledge, and programming tasks can seem like IT work. Jobs which rely on computer science, like web development or software engineering, can also be called IT work. This can all make things confusing.

Difference Between IT and Computer Science?

Let’s keep it simple, using real-life examples. Think of computer science as a chef cooking new recipes and information technology as a restaurant manager running a successful restaurant. 

As a chef experiments with different ingredients and cooking techniques to create new dishes, computer engineers explore algorithms, data structures, and programming languages to develop innovative software solutions. They focus on understanding the fundamental principles of computing and pushing the boundaries of what's possible in technology.

Similar to how a restaurant manager ensures the smooth operation of a restaurant, information technology professionals manage and maintain computer systems, networks, and software applications to support the daily operations of businesses and organisations. They focus on implementing and optimising existing technologies to meet users' needs and requirements.

Is Information Technology a part of Computer Science?

Imagine computer science as a vast ocean encompassing many concepts, theories, and applications related to computing. Within this ocean is a smaller body of water called information technology, a subset of computer science.

Computer Science is like a big umbrella covering everything about computers and their work. It's about designing, making, and using them for various things. On the other hand, Information Technology (IT) is more about using computers to solve real-life problems. IT people are the ones who make sure computer networks run smoothly, create software, and help people when they have technical issues. Even though IT is a part of Computer Science, they have a lot in common and share many basic ideas.

What Skills Do You Need for a Career in Computer Science and IT?


Computer Science 

Information Technology 

Programming languages like Python, C++, HTML, CSS, Javascript

Programming languages, especially scripting languages like Python and Powershell

Statistics, algebra, and/or calculus

Troubleshooting methods

Familiarity with code-sharing platforms like GitHub

Network configuration

Understanding of the software development lifecycle

Security infrastructure like setting up firewalls and routers

Artificial intelligence methods like machine learning and deep learning and tools like Apache Spark and Hadoop

Ethical hacking or penetration testing

Data analysis and database tools like SQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Excel

Data administration skills like SQL


How do you build your career in information technology and computer science?

In Computer Science, a bachelor’s degree is typically the standard educational requirement for entry-level positions, providing a comprehensive understanding of computing principles and programming languages. However, individuals seeking to go deeper into specialised areas or aspire to leadership roles often pursue degrees such as a Master of Science in Computer Science or a PhD. These advanced programs offer opportunities to explore advanced topics like machine learning, software engineering, or computer architecture, equipping graduates with the expertise needed to tackle complex challenges and drive innovation in the field. 

Individuals entering the Information Technology (IT) field start with a bachelor’s degree. This level of education provides a solid foundation in computer science principles and practical skills necessary for entry-level positions in the industry. However, for those aiming for more competitive or specialised roles, pursuing advanced degrees like a Master of Science in Computer Science can be advantageous.

IT vs Computer Science Salary and Career Opportunity


Computer Science Roles 


Information Technology Roles 


Web developer

INR 4.5 LPA 

Cybersecurity specialist

INR 11.8 LPA 

Full stack developer

INR 9.2 LPA 

Cloud engineer


Software engineer


Network administrator

INR 5.6 LPA 

Robotics engineer


Database administrator

INR 12.4 LPA

Back end engineer


System administrator


Data scientist

INR 14.4 LPA 

Helpdesk technician


Artificial intelligence engineer

INR 11.7 LPA

Computer technician



Computer Science and Information Technology in VIT 

At Vishwakarma Institute of Technology (VIT), Pune, the landscape of Computer Science and Information Technology (IT) education has evolved since its inception. The institution introduced its undergraduate program in Computer Engineering in 1991, followed by the launch of the postgraduate course in 2001. Notably, the doctoral program in Computer Engineering was established in 2011, marking a significant milestone in academic offerings. Led by distinguished faculty members like Prof.(Dr.) S. R. Shinde and Prof. (Dr.) P. P. Ghadekar, the departments have consistently nurtured a culture of academic excellence and practical application. With undergraduate intakes of 240 and 180 students for Computer Science and Information Technology, respectively, VIT. Pune has a strong faculty-student ratio, ensuring personalised attention and mentorship. The faculty members, renowned for their professional expertise, engage students with real-world insights and hands-on learning experiences, providing a dynamic and enriching educational environment. This commitment to quality education and holistic development underscores VIT Pune’s position as a premier Computer Science and Information Technology institution.


Computer Science vs. Computer Engineering: Decoding the Battle

Computer Science vs Computer Engineering


If you're considering an engineering career and you are fighting the battle of Computer Science vs Computer Engineering, don't worry. These two options might seem confusing, but we'll break the computer science & computer engineering difference for you. We'll also talk about which one can lead to higher pay and the job opportunities they offer. We'll take you on a journey to explore what kind of jobs you can get in both Computer Science Engineering & Computer Engineering, giving you a clear picture of your future.


What is Computer Science Engineering?

When you decide to study computer science engineering. You will deal with the software of the computer. The computer science & computer engineering difference is that computer science places less emphasis on hardware-related aspects. You will create and improve computer programs and applications. You will learn programming languages, software development, and computing architecture, which is the design and structure of a computer. 


What is Computer Engineering? 

In Computer Engineering you deal with the hardware as well as the software of the computer. 

Computer engineers are responsible for creating and testing the physical components (like graphics cards, motherboards, and keyboards) of various devices and applications. They also work on firmware, which is a special kind of software that manages the fundamental operations of these devices. Think of firmware as the software that handles the basic, essential functions of a device, such as the BIOS in your computer or the software inside a TV remote control. In contrast, high-level software, like an operating system, is more complex. Firmware is what allows other software to work together with the hardware effectively.


Comparison of Skills: Computer Science vs Computer Engineering


Computer Science Engineering 

Computer Engineering 


In computer engineering, coding refers to the process of writing instructions in a programming language to create software or firmware that controls or interacts with hardware components.

Computer Architecture

Understanding computer architecture offers valuable insights into the hardware elements of computers, enabling the optimization of software to enhance its performance and efficiency.

Software Development 

Software development skills are the abilities and knowledge required to design, create, test, and maintain software applications or systems. These skills encompass a wide range of technical and non-technical competencies that software developers need to be effective in their work

Familiarity with Networking

While the primary duty of a computer engineer is hardware creation, they also require knowledge of computer communication and the strategic use of internet connectivity to maximize their capabilities.


To get better at coding and information technology, you need to start by doing some research. When you're not sure how to do something or which way is best, computer engineers use their great research skills to find and understand information.

Principles of Electrical Engineering

To design new hardware and devices, computer engineers need a solid understanding of how electronics work to ensure that the hardware functions correctly. This understanding is built on a thorough knowledge of electrical engineering principles.

Excellent math and numerical skills 

Computer science is closely tied to the design and analysis of algorithms. Math skills are essential for understanding the efficiency and correctness of algorithms

Computer Science Fundamentals

Computer engineers are well-versed in computer science, which includes creating algorithms, handling data structures, using programming languages, and knowing how computers work.


Career Options in Computer Science & Computer Engineering


The computer science market is growing much faster than other occupations. Career options in computer science engineering and computer engineering are experiencing rapid growth. The employment outlook for computer hardware engineers indicates a projected 5 percent increase from 2022 to 2032.* It's important to highlight that individuals with a computer science degree can also explore roles in computer engineering. 


Here are a few career options that one can look into after completing their graduation




Top Recruiters 

Software Developer

The salary typically falls in the range of Rs. 4.5 to Rs. 5 lakhs per annum. For newcomers, it can vary from Rs. 3 to Rs. 7 lakhs per annum, and with years of experience, it can rise to a range of 10 to 15 lakhs per annum. Amazon 

Tata Consultancy 





Full Stack Software Developer

The salary typically falls in the range of Rs. 4.5 to Rs. 5 lakhs per annum. For newcomers, it can vary from Rs. 3 to Rs. 7 lakhs per annum, and with years of experience, it can rise to a range of 10 to 15 lakhs per annum. Tata Consultancy  


BNY Mellon 




Data Analyst 

The average salary is approximately Rs. 4.5 to 5 lakhs per annum. While it can vary from Rs. 3 to 10 lakhs per annum, most companies typically offer a stable salary in the range of Rs. 5 to 8 lakhs per annum Accenture 


S&P Global 




Data Scientist

The present average salary is Rs. 8 lakhs per annum, with a range of Rs. 4 lakhs to Rs. 20 lakhs depending on experience. Fractal Analytics 




Mu Sigma 

Cyber Security Specialist

The salary typically falls in the range of Rs. 7 to 10 lakhs per annum, with an overall income spanning from Rs. 7 to 15 lakhs per annum. Nexus IT Group

Alta Associates


Bradley-Morris, LLC


Blackmere Consulting

Data Engineer

Rs. 8 – Rs. 9 LPA. It ranges between Rs. 4 LPA to Rs. 20 LPA. Tech Mahindra 






Machine Learning Engineer

Rs. 7 LPA, ranges between Rs. 3 LPA to Rs. 20 LPA. Amazon 



Tata Consultancy  

PHN Technology 


Game Developer

The standard salary is Rs. 5 lakhs per annum, varying from Rs. 2 lakhs to Rs. 20 lakhs based on development quality and seniority. Unity 

Ingenyuty Gaming 






*Source - Bureau of Labor Statistics


Computer Science Engineer or Computer Engineer. Who gets paid more? 


The potential income in both computer science engineering and computer engineering can vary widely based on factors such as specialization, location, experience, and the specific job role. 


What is Right for You computer science or computer engineering ?


On average, if you're looking for a well-paying career in the tech industry, both computer science and computer engineering can offer competitive salaries. Your choice should be based on your personal interests, skills, and career goals rather than solely on income potential. Consider what aspects of technology and computing you are most passionate about, as that will likely lead to a more fulfilling and successful career.




The choice between Computer Science and Computer Engineering ultimately comes down to your interests and career goals. Both fields offer promising opportunities with competitive salaries in the tech industry. So, follow your passion, and you'll find a rewarding and successful career path, whether in software-centric Computer Science or the hardware-software mixture of Computer Engineering.


Some computer science engineering roles, particularly in areas like data science and artificial intelligence, can command high salaries. On the other hand, computer engineering roles can also offer competitive salaries, especially for those with expertise in hardware design and development.



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